Process and Candidate forthcoming in APSR

In a new paper in the APSR, Bubeck and Marinov from the University of Mannheim show why and when states support candidates in other countries’ elections, and what that does to democracy. The authors argue that candidate support and interventions in the electoral process are often complements: investing in one furthers the payoff from the other. They show how local allies change their policy positions to suit a foreign sponsor. Such change is least likely when powerful states intervene on opposing sides in an election. These situations, termed `election wars’, can be worst for democracy and for the outside powers themselves. More, including an online version of the intervention dilemma: